Dr. Joshua Shepherd
Universitat de Barcelona
Start: 1 May 2018
End: 30 April 2023
This project investigates the nature, structure and significance of conscious agency along three related fronts:
First, although philosophers have emphasized the importance of various aspects of consciousness for human agency, work on conscious agency within philosophy remains unsystematic. Cross-talk regarding the phenomena at issue hampers progress, as does a lack of significant attention to the richness of the phenomenology that accompanies human agency. In response, we are working to develop a new account of the nature and mechanistic underpinnings of agentive phenomenology.
Second, although psychology’s recent progress in explaining agentive capacities – e.g., metacognition, cognitive control, attention, perception, decision-making, and motor acuity – is impressive, insights regarding the importance of consciousness for these capacities need to be made explicit, and leveraged to construct a next generation model of action control. In response, we are working to map the phenomenology of agency onto the structure and function of action control capacities, with special focus on three areas: the role of explicit knowledge and its signatures within consciousness, the function of phenomenal states for cognitive control resource allocation, and the relationships between conscious intentions and perceptual feedback.
Third, we deploy the tools of experimental philosophy – that is, the use of psychological methods to study philosophical questions – in two areas. First, we aim to experimentally investigating agentive phenomenology. Second, we are exploring the practical and moral significance of conscious agency, by determining what aspects of conscious agency drive commonsense moral thinking about responsibility for action.